报告题目一：The Border Effect of China’s East/non-east Industrial Divide
报告内容：We document large economic discontinuities across the provincial borders separating eastern China from the non-east. Using counties contiguous to the borders of four plains provinces, we find that manufacturing activity (output, employment, and exports) increases abruptly as one crosses from the west to the east of the border. The counties in the east also have a lower share of agricultural population and a higher share of output produced by foreign firms. The economic discontinuities are larger for non-state sectors than for the state sector, and are stronger in these non-mountain, plains regions than in mountain regions. Because there is no geographic barrier associated with the border in the plains provinces, and because geography and culture are fairly continuous at the border, these large economic discontinuities are unlikely to be explained by geographic or cultural differences. We argue that policy differences between the east and non-east provinces explain much of the discontinuity, and find that openness and an index of market liberalization account for a large part of the east/non-east divide.
报告题目二：Will Skill-Based Immigration Policies Lead to Lower Remittances?——An analysis of the relations between education, sponsorship, and remittances
报告内容：As more and more developed countries adopt policies that favor highly educated immigrants, the impact of such policies on developing countries remains unclear. Some researchers have argued that migrants who are more educated tend to bring their immediate family members to the host country, and thus, send less money to the source country in remittances. While a number of paper have documented the relation between education and remittance, whether that is related to sponsorship decision remains under-explored. Using individual level panel data from the New Immigrant Survey, we show that sponsoring family members leads to lower remittance. Furthermore, we show that college educated immigrants from high-income families are less likely to sponsor relatives, presumably because of relatively higher opportunity cost of migration of their relatives. Together, these two results suggest a positive association between education and remittances, which is indeed, what we find in the data. Our extended analysis shows that alternative explanations (such as higher income of more educated immigrants, or repaying implicit educational loans) cannot completely explain the positive association between education and remittances. Our results suggest that skill-based immigration policies are likely to result in more remittances.